History of Gurjar samaj
The history of Gurjar samaj are quite uncertain. The Gurjar clan appeared in northern India around the time of the Huna invasions of northern India. Some scholars believed that the Gurjar were foreign immigrants, possibly a branch of Hephthalites (`White Huns`). Some scholars believed that Gurjar came into India with the Hunas, and the name of the tribe was sanskritized to `Gurjara`. They also believed that several places in Central Asia, such as `Gurjistan`, are named after the Gurjar and that the reminiscences of Gurjar migration are preserved in these names. History of Gurjar community is quite vague. There are several references that talk about the origin and history of Gurjars. Like for instance, in Ramayana, a war was fought between the gods and the evil spirits. The Gurjar fought against the devils under King Dasharatha. In Mahabharata also, references suggested the references of Gurjars. They were found along with Lord Krishna who migrated from Mathura to Dwarka, Gujarat. In the past, Gurjar have also been hypothesized to be descended from the nomadic Khazar tribes, although the history of Khazar tribes shows an entirely different politico-culture ethos. Some Gurjars also claim that the Gurjar caste is related to the Chechens and the Georgians, and argue that Georgia was traditionally called `Gujaristan` (actually Gorjestan). Some of the also claim that Germans are Gurjar. However, there is no evidence for such claims. At the end of fifth century Hunas, a marauding tribe entered Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Hunas were cruel people much displaced from their ancient homelands on the borders of Europe and Asia. They were, like Aryans who preceded them, white folks. Along with this rude, crude and cruel tribesmen came lesser tribes, Gurjars being one of them. They established their fiefdoms, principalities in Punjab, Rajasthan, including but not limited to Jodhpur, Gujarat, Gujranwalla, a small town in Punjab, Gurjarkhan, also in Punjab. Well known scholar Cunningham thinks that Gurjar are descended from Scythian (Saka) and Yuechi (Kushan) tribes who invaded Pakistan in the first century BC and in the first century AD respectively. Other scholars believe that they are descended from a Central Asian Turkic people called Kazars. Since the tribe migrated from Caspian Sea which is called Bahr-e-Khizar it was named Khizar, Guzar, Gurjar, Gurjara or Gujjar. The name Hazara was given to the district by these Guzara tribes. The name Gujjar, according to another version, is derived from the words `Gau` and `Char` meaning cattle grazers.
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